Do Yeast Infection and Bacterial Vaginosis have the same symptoms?

Do Yeast Infection and Bacterial Vaginosis have the same symptoms?

Itching, burning and vaginal discharge are common symptoms for women during reproductive years. About three out of four women will experience a vaginal problem at least one point of their lifetime. However, not all symptoms are the result of a yeast infection. Vaginal itching, burning and discharge can also be the symptoms of a bacterial vaginosis (BV). In fact, yeast infection and BV have a little similar symptoms; however, they’re different infections. Keep reading the article to know the similarity and difference between yeast infection and BV.

Yeast infection and bacterial vaginosis- what are they?

Vaginal infections are common in women, there’re many causes of problems in women. But, two of the most common causes are yeast infections and BV. A vaginal yeast infection is mostly caused by Candida albicans. The yeast live in the vagina of women without causing any symptoms. However, when the normal balance of yeast is disturbed, it overgrows and leads to a yeast infection. The infection is very common that affects up to 75% of women. While yeast can be spread through sexual contact, yeast infection isn’t considered as an STI. That’s because it can also affect women who aren’t sexually active.

Unlike yeast infections caused by yeast, BV is resulted from by bacteria. Both good and bad bacteria live in your vagina. But, if the balance is upset, a bacterial vaginosis occurs. In your vagina, lactobacillus keeps the vagina slightly acidic that controls the growth of bad bacteria. When the level of lactobacillus drops, more bad bacteria move in, causing BV. Besides sexually active, douching also increases your risk of having BV because it disturbs the balance of bacteria in your vagina.

Related: 14 Surprising Things That Can Affect Your Vaginal Health

Yeast infections and  bacterial vaginosis are two of the most common vaginal problems

Yeast infections and bacterial vaginosis are two of the most common vaginal problems

Do yeast infection and bacterial vaginosis have the same symptoms?

Although both infections result in vaginal discharge, you can still recognize them. If you have yeast infection, the vaginal discharge of is often thick and whitish (look like cottage cheese). But the most common symptoms of the infection are

  • Itching entire the vagina
  • Irritation and burning
  • Pain during urination or intercourse
  • Redness or sores if the vagina

Unlike the discharge of yeast infection, the discharge of BV is very strong odor. Also, it doesn’t usually show up symptoms. Around half of all women with BV have no symptoms. If yes, you may notice:

  • Thin white, green or gray discharge
  • Burning and pain when urinating
  • Very fishy smell after intercourse

Both infections have some different symptoms, but they have the same diagnostic methods. To diagnose yeast infections, your doctor will:

  • Ask some question about your medical history
  • Do a pelvic exam. After asking and examining your external genitals, your doctor will use a speculum into your vagina to observe the vagina and cervix.
  • Test vaginal secretions. Your gynecologist can send a sample of vaginal secretions to determine the type of fungus leading to your infection. Or is it a BV? Then, he or she may prescribe effective treatment for your infection.
  • Test your vaginal pH levels. Your doctor may check acidity of your vagina to know whether you have BV or not.

Related: Chronic Yeast Infections- Common Causes and Solutions

Bacterial vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis

Different treatment for yeast infections and bacterial vaginosis

  1. Treatment for yeast infections

Though yeast infections are annoying, they’re treatable easily. Depending on your severity, your doctor may give different treatment. For mild symptoms, the treatment can be:

  • Antifungal medications. Clotrimazole, Miconazole and Terconazole are effective in treating fungal infections, including yeast infections. You may talk it for a short course.
  • Single dose medicine. Your doctor may prescribe single dose of Fluconazole to deal with the infection. Or two single doses in three days are available for controlling severe symptoms.
  • OTC treatment. Antifungal creams are safe and effective for many women. Fugacil is one of the best OTC antifungal creams for yeast infections. Unlike other traditional creams, Fugacil kills the yeast both on the skin’s surface and in lower skin layers. Therefore, it’s hard for the virus form coming back.

For complicated yeast infections, your doctor will prescribe:

  • Long- course vaginal therapy. Azole medications for 7- 14 days can help clear a yeast infection successfully. The medication can be available as creams, ointment and tablets.
  • Multi- dose oral medication. Two or three doses of fluconazole can be taken longer to treat yeast infections. However, it’s not recommended for pregnant women.
  • Maintenance treatment. Your doctor may prescribe a medication routine for recurrent yeast infections. This treatment helps prevent further ones. It may take more 14 days to clear the infection before starting maintenance treatment.

Though it isn’t an STI, yeast can be spread and cause irritation during intercourse.

Related: Having Sex With a Vaginal Yeast Infection- Is It Safe?

Fugacil is one of the best OTC creams for fungal infections

Fugacil is one of the best OTC creams for fungal infections

  1. Treatment for bacterial vaginosis

The treatment depends on the particular bacteria analyzed from the sample. But BV is commonly treated by antibiotics. Your doctor can give one of the following medications:

  • Metronidazole. This can be taken as a pill or available as a topical gel inserting into your vagina. You should avoid alcohol during treatment to reduce the risk of abdominal pain and stomach upset.
  • Clindamycin. It’s used as a cream that your insert into the vagina. Abstain from sex while on treatment and at least three days after you stop using the cream, because it may weaken latex condoms.
  • Tinidazole. The medicine is taken orally. You also need to avoid alcohol while taking it.

Both yeast infection and bacterial vaginosis are annoying and can be confused. So, it’s important to raise your awareness of symptoms of both conditions. If having any symptoms, should contact with your health care provider fast. They can be treated with antifungal and antiviral medications.

 

 

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